- Why is my dog peeing while lying down?
- Can dogs pee themselves in their sleep?
- Is Stilbestrol safe for dogs?
- How does phenylpropanolamine work in dogs?
- What are the side effects of phenylpropanolamine in dogs?
- How much phenylpropanolamine can I give my dog?
- How long does it take for DES to work in dogs?
- Why is my dog suddenly incontinent?
- What is a DES daughter?
- What are the side effects of diethylstilbestrol?
- How do you treat incontinence in dogs?
- Why is there concern about the use of diethylstilbestrol?
- Why phenylpropanolamine is banned?
- What is diethylstilbestrol used for in dogs?
Why is my dog peeing while lying down?
Incontinence is when urine flows without the dog being aware of it or able to control it.
There may be several reasons, including a lack of hormone, problems within the spine or the nervous system and infection of the urinary tract..
Can dogs pee themselves in their sleep?
Urinary incontinence means your pet cannot control his or her urination or urinates without realizing it, usually when sleeping or resting. Urinary incontinence is most common in middle-age spayed female dogs.
Is Stilbestrol safe for dogs?
DOGS: 1 mg per 10 kg / CATS: 0.5 mg per 5 kg; Given orally once daily for 1 week or until incontinence is resolved (no longer than 7 days), then gradually reduce dosage until lowest effective dose is attained for maintenance. CONTRA-INDICATIONS: Do not use in females with estrogen-sensitive neoplasms.
How does phenylpropanolamine work in dogs?
In veterinary medicine, phenylpropanolamine is used almost exclusively for the control of urinary incontinence in dogs and occasionally in cats. Phenylpropanolamine is able to increase sphincter tone in the urethra thus curtailing inadvertent urine leakage.
What are the side effects of phenylpropanolamine in dogs?
The most common side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, lack of appetite, increased thirst, restlessness, irritability, and difficulty urinating. Serious side effects include seizures, collapse, or stroke-like signs (for example, not being able to walk).
How much phenylpropanolamine can I give my dog?
Phenylpropanolamine Chewable Tablets (50 mg) Indications PPA is indicated for the control of urinary incontinence caused by urethral sphincter incompetence in female dogs. Dosage & Administration: 3 mg/kg body weight per day PO, administered as 1.5 mg/kg PO BID or 1.0 mg/kg PO TID.
How long does it take for DES to work in dogs?
It is orally bioavailable and reaches peak plasma concentrations in 1 hr in dogs; it has an elimination half-life of 24 hr because of enterohepatic recirculation. Estrogens sensitize the urethral sphincter to α-adrenergic stimulation; therefore, DES therapy is synergistic with α-adrenergic drugs.
Why is my dog suddenly incontinent?
Disease-Related Incontinence Bladder infections, tumors, stones, and cancer may cause incontinence in male as well as female dogs by causing a sudden, uncontrollable urge to urinate. In some cases, urinary problems may even lead to a diagnosis of spinal cord disease as the nerve impulses to the bladder can be affected.
What is a DES daughter?
DES Daughters are defined as women born between 1938 and 1971 who were exposed to DES before birth (in the womb).
What are the side effects of diethylstilbestrol?
Because of the potential toxic side-effects of estrogen use, it is always important to use the lowest effective dose for the shortest period of time. Other side-effects include signs of estrus, lethargy, diarrhea, vomiting, vaginal discharge, pyometra, polydipsia, polyuria, and feminization of male dogs.
How do you treat incontinence in dogs?
Some treatments focus on hormone therapy, while others, such as phenylpropanolamine, strengthen the urethral sphincter, which controls urine flow. Surgery also may be an option if medication alone doesn’t work. Collagen injections, a newer therapy for incontinence, appear to have promising results.
Why is there concern about the use of diethylstilbestrol?
Women who were exposed to diethylstilbestrol in utero may have structural reproductive tract anomalies, an increased infertility rate, and poor pregnancy outcomes.
Why phenylpropanolamine is banned?
In the United States, PPA is no longer sold due to a purported increased risk of stroke in younger women. In a few countries in Europe, however, it is still available either by prescription or sometimes over-the-counter. In Canada, it was withdrawn from the market on 31 May 2001.
What is diethylstilbestrol used for in dogs?
Diethylstilbestrol (brand names: Apstil®, Boestrol®, Destibenol®, Distibene®, Honvol®, Stilbestrol®, also known as DES) is a hormonal agent and a synthetic estrogen used to treat urinary incontinence and other diseases responsive to estrogen.